Magazines, Travel and Middlebrow Culture in Canada 1925-1960



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Magazines and mass media: Canadian

Magazines: general

Cultural Exchange: language and geography

Travel and cosmopolitanism: Canadian focus

Travel and cosmopolitanism: general

Middlebrow in Canada and literary form

Taste, consumption, fashion and advertising

Links to other bibliographies


Magazines and mass media: Canadian

Azoulay, Dan. Hearts and Minds: Canadian Romance at the Dawn of the Modern Era, 1900-1930.  Calgary: U of Calgary P, 2011.

Barbour, Noel Robert. Those Amazing People! The Story of the Canadian Magazine Industry, 1778-1967. Toronto: Crucible Press, 1982.

Beaulieu, André et Jean Hamelin. La presse québécoise des origines à nos jours. Québec: PUL, 1982. Tome V.

Beaulieu, André et Jean Hamelin. La presse québécoise des origines à nos jours. Québec: PUL, 1984. Tome VI.

Chalmers, Floyd S. A Gentleman of the Press: The Story of Colonel John Bayne MacLean and the Publishing Empire He Founded. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1969.

Connors, Linda E. and Mary Lu MacDonald. National Identity in Great Britain and British North America, 1815-1851: The Role of Nineteenth-Century Periodicals. Farnham: Ashgate, 2011.

Des Rivières, Marie-José.  Châtelaine et la littérature, 1960-75.  Montréal : L’Hexagone, 1992.

Fiamengo, Janice. The Woman's Page: Journalism and Rhetoric in Early Canada. Toronto: U of Toronto P, 2008.

Fraser, Sylvia.  A Woman’s Place: Seventy Years in the Lives of Canadian Women. Toronto: Key Porter Books, 1997

Gerson, Carole and Jacques Michon, eds. History of the Book in Canada Volume 3, 1918-1980. Toronto: U of Toronto P 2007. See

Grove, Jaleen. "A Castle of One’s Own: Interactivity in Chatelaine Magazine, 1928-35." Journal of Canadian Studies 45.3 (2011): 167-194.

Hammill, Faye and Michelle Smith. Magazines, Travel and Middlebrow Culture: Canadian Periodicals in English and French, 1925-1960. Liverpool: Liverpool UP, 2015. Edmonton, U of Alberta P, 2015.

Houston, Susan E. '"A little steam, a little sizzle and a little sleaze": English-language tabloids in the interwar period.' Papers of the Bibliographical Society of  Canada 40.1 (Spring 2002): 37-61.

Irvine, Dean.  Editing Modernity: Women and Little-Magazine Cultures in Canada, 1916-1956. Toronto: U of Toronto P 2007.

Jordan, Tessa. 'Branching Out: Second-Wave Feminist Periodicals and the Archive of Canadian Women's Writing.' English Studies in Canada 36.2/3 (2010): 63-90.

Karr, Clarence.  Authors and Audiences: Popular Canadian Fiction in the Early Twentieth Century.  Montreal and Kingston: McGill-Queen’s UP 2000.

Korinek, Valerie, Roughing it in the Suburbs: Reading Chatelaine Magazine in the Fifties and Sixties.  Toronto: U of Toronto P 2000.

Korinek, V. J. "'It's a tough time to be in love': The Darker Side of Chatelaine During the Cold War" in Richard Cavell, ed. Love, Hate and Fear in Canada's Cold War. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2004, pp. 159-182

Kroller, Eva-Marie. "'Une terre humaine': Expo 67, Canadian women, and Chatelaine/Châtelaine." In Expo 67: Not Just a Souvenir. Ed. Rhona Richman Kenneally and Johanne Sloan. Toronto: U of Toronto P, 2010. 61-80.

Kuffert, L.B.  A Great Duty: Canadian Responses to Modern Life and Mass Culture, 1939-1967. Montreal and Kingston: McGill-Queen’s UP 2003.

Lang, Marjory.  Women Who Made the News: Female Journalists in Canada, 1880-1945. Montreal and Kingston: McGill-Queen’s UP 1999.

Litt, Paul.  The Muses, the Masses, and the Massey Commission.  Toronto: U of Toronto P 1992.

Marchand, Suzanne. Rouge à lèvres et pantalons. Montréal: éditions Hurtubises HMH, 1997.

Mathieu, Jocelyne. 'Châtelaine à Expo 67: chronique de la modernité.' Les cahiers des dix 63 (2009): 257-278.

Mendes, Kaitlynn. 'Reading Chatelaine: Dr. Marion Hilliard and 1950s Women’s Health Advice'. Canadian Journal of Communication 35.4 (2010).

Pleau, Jean-Christian. "La Revue moderne et le nationalisme". Revue Mens 6.2 (Spring 06). 205-237.

Potvin, John. 'Fashioning Masculinity in Mayfair Magazine: The Aesthetics of the Male Body, 1927-1936.' Unpublished masters dissertation. Carleton University, 2000.

Saint-Jacques, Denis and Lucie Robert, eds. La Vie Littéraire au Québec. VI: Le nationaliste, l'individualiste et le marchand, 1919-1933. Québec: Presses de l'Université Laval, 2010.

Savoie, Chantal. "Françoise, Literary Critic: Editorial Reach and Discursive Strategies." Studies in Canadian Literature 32.1 (2007): 21-33.

Savoie, Chantal. "'Moins de dentelles, plus de psychologie' et une heure à soi': Les Lettres de Fadette et la chronique féminine au tournant du XXe siècle." In Denis Saint-Jacques, ed. Tendances actuelles en histoire littéraire candienne. Québec: Éditions Nota Bene, 2003. 183-199.

Smith, Michelle. 'Soup Cans and Love Slaves: National Politics and Cultural Authority in the Editing and Authorship of Canadian Pulp Magazines.' Book History 9 (2006): 261-289.

Smith, Michelle. 'Guns, Lies, and Ice: The Canadian Pulp Magazine Industry and the Crime Fiction of Raymond Chandler and Niel Perrin'.  Dime Novel Roundup 74.01 (2005): 1-17.

Smith, Michelle. 'From "The Offal of Canada’s Magazine Trade" to "Absolutely Priceless":  Considering the Canadian Pulp Magazine Collection." English Studies in Canada 30.1 (2004): 101-116.

Strange, Carolyn and Tina Loo. True Crime, True North: The Golden Age of Canadian Pulp Magazines. Vancouver: Raincoast Books, 2004.

Straw, Will.  'Traffic in Scandal: The Case of Broadway Brevities'. University of Toronto Quarterly  73. 4 (Fall 2004): 947-971.

Sutherland, Fraser.  The Monthly Epic: A History of Canadian Magazines, 1789-1989.  Toronto: Fitzhenry & Whiteside 1989.

Tremblay, Tony & Ellen Rose. 'The Canadian Little Magazine Past and Present: Can Digitizing a Literary Subculture Make a Movement?'. Canadian Literature 200 (Spring 2009): 16-35.

Vipond, Mary.  The Mass Media in Canada.  Toronto: J. Lorimer 1989.

Watt, F.W. 'Climate of Unrest: Periodicals in the Twenties and Thirties.' Canadian Literature 12 (Spring 1962): 15-27.

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Magazines: general

Ardis, Ann (ed.). Special issue of Modernism/Modernity 19.3 (2012) on 'Mediamorphosis: Print Culture and Transatlantic/Transnational Public Sphere(s).' See also the linked special issue of the Journal of Modern Periodical Studies 3.2 (2012). 

Aynsley, Jeremy and Kate Forde, eds. Design and the Modern Magazine. Manchester: Manchester UP, 2007.

Beetham, Margaret. A Magazine of Her Own? Domesticity and Desire in the Woman's Magazine, 1800 – 1914. London: Routledge, 1996. Print.

Christ, Birte. Modern Domestic Fiction: Popular Feminism, Mass-Market Magazines, and Middle-Class Culture, 1905-1925. Heidelberg: Universitätsverlag, 2012.

Clark, Daniel A. Creating the College Man: American Mass Magazines and Middle-Class Manhood 189—1915. Madison: U of Wisconsin P, 2010.

Damon-Moore, Helen.  Magazine for the Millions: Gender and Commerce in The Ladies’ Home Journal and The Saturday Evening Post, 1880-1910.  Albany: NYUP 1994.

Earle, David M. Re-Covering Modernism: Pulps, Paperbacks and the Prejudice of Form. Farnham, Ashgate, 2009.

Fraterrigo, Elizabeth. Playboy & the Making of the Good Life in Modern America. NY: OUP, 2009.

Gruber-Garvey, Ellen. The Adman in the Parlor: Magazines and the Gendering of Consumer Culture, 1880s to 1910s. Oxford: Oxford UP, 1996. Print.

Kuttainen, Victoria. “A Lost Australian Story: Man in the 1930s.” LiNQ 2009. 161-80.

Lutes, Jean Marie. 'Beyond the Bounds of the Book: Periodical Studies and Women Writers of the Late Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries.' Legacy 27.2 (2010): 336-356.

McCracken, Ellen.  Decoding Women’s Magazines: From Mademoiselle to Ms.  Basingstoke: Macmillan 1993.

Morrisson, Mark S. The Public Face of Modernism: Little Magazines, Audiences and Reception, 1905-1920. Madison, WI: U of Wisconsin P, 2001.

Ohmann, Richard. Selling Culture: Magazines, Markets and Class at the Turn of the Century. London: Verso, 1996.

Reed, David. The Popular Magazine in Britain and the United States 1880-1960. London: The British Library, 1997.

Scanlon, Jennifer.  Inarticulate Longings: The Ladies’ Home Journal, Gender, and the Promises of Consumer Culture.  New York: Routledge 1989.

Smith, Erin.  Hard-Boiled: Working Class Readers and Pulp Magazines.  Philadelphia: Temple UP 2000.

Stevens, Laura M (ed.). Special issue of Tulsa Studies in Women's Literature 30.2 (Fall 2011) on 'Women and Anglo-American Periodicals.'

Sumner, David E. The Magazine Century: American Magazines Since 1900.  New York: Peter Lang, 2010.

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Cultural Exchange: French and English Canadian / Canada and Europe or America

Bertrand, Claudine, ed. Paris-Québec. Trans. Stephen Scobie and Marie Vautier. Photographs by Miles Lowry. Victoria, BC: Ekstasis Editions, 2003.

Cheadle, Norman and Lucien Pelletier, eds. Canadian Cultural Exchange: Translation and Transculturation. Waterloo, ON: Wilfrid Laurier UP, 2007.

Gerson, Carole. 'Writers without Borders: The Global Framework of Canada's Early Literary History.' Canadian Literature 201 (Summer 2009): 15-33.

Gilbert, Paula Ruth and Miléna Santoro, eds. Transatlantic Passages: Literary and Cultural Relations between Quebec and Francophone Europe. Montreal and Kingston: McGill-Queen’s UP, 2010.

Koustas, Jane. Les Belles Etrangeres: Canadians in Paris. Ottawa: U of Ottawa P, 2008.

Mount, Nick. When Canadian Literature Moved to New York. Toronto: U of Toronto Press, 2005.

Saint-Jacques, Denis (ed.). Tendances actuelles en histoire littéraire candienne. Québec: Éditions Nota Bene, 2003.

Scobie, Stephen. The Measure of Paris. Edmonton: U of Alberta P, 2010.

Sirois, Antoine, Pamela Grant, David Hayne, Gregory Reid, Winfried Siemerling, and Maria van Sundert. Bibliography of Comparative Studies in Canadian, Québec, and Foreign Literatures/ Bibliographie d’études comparées des littératures canadienne, québécoise et étrangères 1930-1995. Sherbrooke: Editions GGC, 2001.

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Travel and cosmopolitanism: Canadian focus

Dubinsky, Karen.  The Second Greatest Disappointment: Honeymooning and Tourism in Niagara Falls. Toronto: Between the Lines, 1999.

Kroller, Eva-Marie. Canadians in Europe 1851-1900. Vancouver: UBC Press, 1987.

Roy, Wendy. Maps of Difference: Canada, Women, and Travel. Montreal and Kingston: McGill-Queen's UP, 2005.

Harrison, Julia.  Being a Tourist: Finding Meaning in Pleasure Travel.  Vancouver: UBC Press, 2003.

Morgan, Cecilia. 'A Happy Holiday': English Canadians and Transatlantic Tourism, 1870-1930. Toronto: U of Toronto P, 2008.

Neatby, Nicole. "Meeting of Minds: North American Travel Writers and Government Tourist Publicity in Quebec, 1920-1955."  Social History / Histoire Sociale 36 (2003)

Stevenson, Iain.  “Atlantic Iconography.” Montreal-Glasgow. Ed. Bill Marshall.  Glasgow: University of Glasgow, 2005.

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Travel and cosmopolitanism: general

Ball, John Clement. Imagining London: Postcolonial Fiction and the Transnational Metropolis. Toronto: U of Toronto P, 2004.

Berman, Jessica. Modernist Fiction, Cosmopolitanism & the Politics of Community. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 2001.

Brennan, Timothy. At Home in the World: Cosmopolitanism Now. Cambridge, MA:Harvard UP, 1997.

Coleman, Simon and Mike Craig, eds. Tourism: Between Place and Performance.  New York: Bergham Books, 2002.

Douglas, Ngaire and Norman Douglas. "P and O's Pacific." Journal of Tourism Studies 7.2 (Dec 1996): 2-14.

Fussell, Paul. Abroad: British Literary Travelling Between the Wars. Oxford: Oxford UP, 1980.

MacCannell, Dean.  The Tourist: A New Theory of the Leisure Class. New York: Schocken Books, 1975.

Pratt, Mary Louise. Imperial Eyes: Travel Writing and Transculturation. London: Routledge, 1992.

Quartermaine, Peter and Bruce Peter. Cruise: Identity, Design and Culture. London: Laurence King, 2006.

Rojek, Chris and John Urry, eds.  Touring Cultures: Transformations of Travel and Theory.  London: Routledge, 1997.

Smith, Sidonie. Moving Lives: Twentieth-Century Women’s Travel Writing. Minneapolis: U of Minnesota P, 2001.

Urry, John.  The Tourist Gaze.  2nd. Ed.  London: Sage, 2002.

Walkowitz, Rebecca L. Cosmopolitan Style: Modernism Beyond the Nation. New York: Columbia UP, 2006.

Zilcosky, John, ed. Writing Travel: the Poetics and Politics of the Modern Journal. Toronto: U of T Press, 2008.

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Middlebrow in Canada and literary form

Hammill, Faye. Women, Celebrity and Literary Culture Between the Wars. Austin: University of Texas Press, 2007.

Hill, Colin.  Modern Realism in English-Canadian Fiction.  Toronto: U of Toronto P, 2012

Martin, Geoff. 'Pierre Berton, Celebrity, and the Economics of Authenticity.' Canadian Literature 212 (Spring 2012): 50-66.

Murray, Heather.  "The Canadian Readers Meet: The Canadian Literature Club of Toronto, Donald G. French, and the Middlebrow Modernist Reader". Papers of the Bibliographical Society of Canada/Cahiers de la Société Bibliographique du Canada: 46.2 ( 2008 Fall), pp. 149-183.

Rifkind, Candida. 'Too Close to Home: Middlebrow Anti-Modernism & the Poetry of Edna Jacques.' J of Canadian Studies 39.1 (2005). 90-114.

Rifkind, Candida. 'The Returning Reader: Canadian Serial Fiction and Mazo de la Roche’s Jalna. '  In Middlebrow Literary Cultures: The Battle of the Brows 1920s-1960s. Palgrave, 2011. 171-186.

Smith, Michelle. '"Hello, Canada! It's Fine to Have You Here": Canadian Nationhood, Women, and Popular Fiction during the Second World War'. Journal of Commonwealth Literature 44.1 (2009): 5-22.

Smith, Michelle. 'Mainstream Magazines, Middlebrow Fiction, and Leslie Gordon Barnard’s "The Winter Road."' Studies in Canadian Literature (2012): 7-30. Print.

Tector, Amy. 'Healing Landscapes & Evolving Nationalism in Interwar Canadian Middlebrow Fiction of the First World War.' In Kate Macdonald, ed. The Masculine Middlebrow, 1890-1950: What Mr Miniver Read. Palgrave, 2011. 104-118.

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Taste, consumption, fashion and advertising

Belisle, Donica. Retail Nation: Department Stores and the Making of Modern Canada. Vancouver: UBC Press, 2011.

Bennett, Tony. Accounting for Tastes: Australian Everyday Cultures. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1999.  

Bornstein, George. Material Modernism: The Politics of the Page. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 2001.

Best, Kate Nelson. 'Fashioning the Figure of French Creativity: A Historical Perspective on the Political Function of French Fashion Discourse.' Web Journal of Media French Studies 7 Dec 2008.

Buckland, Sandra Stansbery. 'Writing about Fashions.' Berg Encyclopedia of World Dress and Fashions. Vol 3: The US and Canada. Berg, 2010. 122-127.

Gill, Miranda. Eccentricty and the Cultural Imagination in Nineteenth-Century Paris. Oxford: OUP, 2009.

Hahn, H. Hazel. Scenes of Parisian Modernity: Culture and Consumption in the 19th Century. Palgrave, 2010.

Halttunen, Karen. Confidence Men and Painted Women: A Study of Middle-class Culture in America. New Haven: Yale UP, 1982.

Hammill, Faye. Sophistication: A Literary and Cultural History . Liverpool: Liverpool University Press, 2010.

Harris, Richard. Creeping Conformity: How Canada Became Suburban, 1900-1960. Toronto: U of Toronto P, 2004.

Johnston, Russell. Selling Themselves: The Emergence of Canadian Advertising. Toronto: U of Toronto P, 2001.

Kinahan, Anne-Marie. '"The colored lady knows better": Marketing the "New Century Washer" in Canadian Home Journal, 1910-1912' Canadian Journal of Communication 38.2 (2013): 187-205.

Laver, James. Taste and Fashion from the French Revolution until today. 1937. Revised edition: London: Harrap, 1945.

Marchand, Roland. Advertising the American Dream: Making Way for Modernity, 1920-1940. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1985.

Outka, Elizabeth. Consuming Traditions: Modernity, Modernism & the Commodified Authentic. OUP, 2008.

Palmer, Alexandra, Couture and Commerce: The Transatlantic Fashion Trade in the 1950s. Ontario: UBC Press in association with the Royal Ontario Museum, 2001.

Palmer, Alexandra. "Torontonian Taste in Couture". The Fashion Reader, ed. L. Welters and A. Lillethun. Second edition. Oxford: Berg, 2011. 447-50.

Palmer, Alexandra, ed. Fashion: A Canadian Perspective. Toronto: U of Toronto P, 2004.

Parr, Joy. Domestic Goods: The Material, the Moral, and the Economic in the Postwar Years. Toronto: U of Toronto P, 1999.

Rich, Rachel. Bourgeois Consumption: Food, space & identity in London & Paris, 1850-1914. Manchester: Manchester UP, 2011.

Wilson, Elizabeth. Adorned in Dreams: Fashion and Modernity. London: Virago, 2003.

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Links to other bibliographies

Middlebrow Network

Bibliography of Comparative Canadian Literature (Mezei)

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